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Open Access Research

Suppression of ribosomal protein synthesis and protein translation factors by Peg-interferon alpha/ribavirin in HCV patients blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)

Rahul Gupta1, Sun Kim3 and Milton W Taylor2*

Author Affiliations

1 School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA

2 Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA

3 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bioinformatics Institute, Interdisciplinary Program in Bioinformatics, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

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Journal of Translational Medicine 2012, 10:54  doi:10.1186/1479-5876-10-54

Published: 22 March 2012

Abstract

Background

We have previously reported the induction of many interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) in PBMC collected from patients infected with HCV at various times after initiation of interferon-ribavirin treatment using DNA microarrays to identify changes in gene expression with time. Almost as many genes are down regulated (suppressed) during interferon-ribavirin treatment as are up regulated.

Methods

DNA microarrays were analyzed by different software, including MAS5 (Affymetrix-Kegg) and GSEA (gene set enrichment analysis) to identify specific pathways both up regulated and down regulated. Data was assessed from a clinical trial, which was a microarray analysis from 68 patients.

Results

Up regulated genes included genes associated with NF-kb, toll like receptor cytokine -cytokine interaction, and complement and adhesion pathways. The most prominent pathway down regulated was that for ribosomal structural proteins, and eukaryotic translational factors. Down regulation of ribosomal protein genes continued through the treatment up to the last measurement, which was at day 28.

Conclusions

This suppression of the protein synthetic apparatus might explain the long-term side effects of interferon-ribavirin, and explain a non-specific effect of interferon-ribavirin on viral protein synthesis. There was no evidence for unique transcription factors or micro RNA involvement.

Keywords:
Ribosomal proteins; Transcription factors; Interferon; Ribavirin; Hepatitis C