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Open Access Highly Accessed Research

Mesenchymal stem cells enhance ovarian cancer cell infiltration through IL6 secretion in an amniochorionic membrane based 3D model

Cyril Touboul12, Raphael Lis13, Halema Al Farsi1, Christophe M Raynaud1, Mohamed Warfa1, Hamda Althawadi1, Eliane Mery4, Massoud Mirshahi2 and Arash Rafii135*

Author Affiliations

1 Stem cell and microenvironment laboratory, Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Education City, Qatar Foundation, Doha, Qatar

2 UMRS 872 INSERM, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Equipe 18, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, 15 rue de l’Ecole de Medecine, Paris Cedex 06, 75270, France

3 Department Genetic Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA

4 Department of Pathology, Institut Claudius Regaud, Toulouse, France

5 Department of Genetic Medicine and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Cornell Medical College, Stem cell and microenvironment laboratory, Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Qatar-Foundation, 24144, Doha, Qatar

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Journal of Translational Medicine 2013, 11:28  doi:10.1186/1479-5876-11-28

Published: 31 January 2013

Abstract

Background

The early peritoneal invasion of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) by tumoral aggregates presents in ascites is a major concern. The role of the microenvironment seems to be important in this process but the lack of adequate models to study cellular interactions between cancer cells and stromal cells does not allow to uncover the molecular pathways involved. Our goal was to study the interactions between ovarian cancer cells (OCC) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) using a 3D model.

Methods

We used millimetric pieces of amniochorionic membrane - referred to as amniotic membrane scaffold (AMS) - to create 3D peritoneal nodules mimicking EOC early invasion. We were able to measure the distribution and the depth of infiltration using confocal microsopy. We extracted MSC from the amniochorionic membrane using the markers CD34-, CD45-, CD73+, CD90+, CD105+ and CD29+ at the Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) analysis. We used transwell and wound healing tests to test OCC migration and invasion in vitro.

Results

Here we show that OCC tumors were located in regions rich in MSC (70%). The tumors infiltrated deeper within AMS in regions rich in MSC (p<0.001). In vitro tests revealed that higher IL6 secretion in a context of MSC-OCC co-culture could enhance migration and invasion of OCC. After IL6 receptor antagonism, OCC infiltration was significantly decreased, mostly in regions rich in MSCs, indicating that recruitment and tridimensional invasion of OCC was dependent of IL6 secretion.

Conclusions

The use of tridimensional models using AMS could be a useful tool to decipher early molecular events in ovarian cancer metastasis. Cytokine inhibitors interrupting the cross-talk between OCCs and MSCs such as IL6 should be investigated as a new therapeutic approach in ovarian cancer.

Keywords:
Ovarian cancer; IL6; Tumor infiltration; 3d model; Mesenchymal stem cell