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Open Access Research

Clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic analysis of Lauren classification in gastric adenocarcinoma in China

Miao-zhen Qiu1, Mu-yan Cai2, Dong-sheng Zhang1, Zhi-qiang Wang1, De-shen Wang1, Yu-hong Li1 and Rui-hua Xu1*

Author Affiliations

1 State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Department of Medical Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, 510060, China

2 State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Department of Pathology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, 510060, China

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Journal of Translational Medicine 2013, 11:58  doi:10.1186/1479-5876-11-58

Published: 6 March 2013

Abstract

Background

According to the Lauren classification, gastric adenocarcinomas are divided into diffuse and intestinal types. The causative attribution explaining the dismal prognosis of diffuse-type remains unknown.

Methods

We examined the archive of 1000 patients with gastric adenocarcinomas who received radical gastrectomy in our center and assessed the effect of the Lauren classification on survival in a multivariate approach. Moreover we compared the variation of clinical features between the diffuse-type and intestinal-type and explored the contributing factors for the prognostic difference.

Results

There were 805 resectable patients for the final analysis. Diffuse-type comprised of 48.7% in the gastric carcinoma in our group and showed poorer prognosis than intestinal-type (P=0.013). Multivariate analysis revealed that independent prognostic factors for gastric carcinoma patients were T stage (P<0.001), N stage (P<0.001) tumor size (P<0.001) and Lauren classification (P=0.003). For the clinical features, diffuse-type was significantly associated with younger age (p<0.001), female preponderance (p <0.001), distal location (P<0.001), advanced pT (p < 0.001), advanced pN (p < 0.001) and advanced TNM stage (p = 0.027).

Conclusions

Diffuse type adenocarcinoma carries a worse prognosis that may be partially explained by the tendency of this subtype to present at more advanced T and N stage. However, Lauren classification has prognostic significance that is independent of T and N stage as well as other prognostic variables based on the multivariate cox analysis.

Keywords:
Gastric cancer; Lauren classification; Prognostic analysis